This is the Student Guide for the American Moo Duk Kwan system. It contains the major components of the system, from rules, procedures and regulations, to the basic movements, forms and test requirements. While this guide's purpose is to provide structure and uniformity, it is understood that teachings and practices are constantly evolving and maturing. As such, the Guide should be used as appropriate, at the discretion of the instructors, at their respective affiliated schools.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Basic Striking Points of the Hand & Foot
Red & Shodan Do
Basic Test Requirements-Addendum
THE POOR STUDENT
Is lazy and simply expects results without sweat.
THE GOOD STUDENT
Has the desire to learn and achieve goals.
THE EXCELLENT STUDENT
Not only learns technique but gains knowledge of expressive ability.
Accepts hard work and sweat, realizing results come from practice and co-practice. Learns positivity from defeat.
THE BEST STUDENT
Never gives up trying to learn what he or she needs to learn until it becomes second nature,
both in technique and attitude.
100% of effort, 100% of the time, is the only way this students knows how to train.
To laugh is to risk appearing the fool.
To weep is to risk appearing sentimental.
To reach out to another is to risk involvement.
To expose feelings is to risk exposing true self.
To place your ideas, your dreams before the crowd is to risk loss
To love is to risk not being loved in return.
To live is to risk dying.
To hope is to risk despair.
To try is to risk failure.
But to risk, we must,
because the greatest hazard in life is to risk nothing.
The man, the woman, who risk nothing,
RULES, REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES
Report in 10 minutes prior to the start of each class.
No shoes will be worn on the mats or dojo floor.
Begin stretching on your own.
Rings, watches and other jewelry will not be worn during the workout.
No food, drink or gum permitted on the dojo floor.
Use proper containers for waste disposal (trash cans).
The Instructor or senior student will begin exercises at the start of each training session.
All caution will be observed when working out with fellow students.
Abusive language and gestures will not be tolerated at anytime!
Proper courtesies and respect will be shown between students and towards instructors. This is BUSHIDO!
All visitors and Black Belts will be greeted with the proper courtesy.
There will be no horse play before, during, or after class.
Free fighting without the instructors permission is prohibited.
Students are requested to check with the instructor periodically to up date their training records, attendance and dues.
Each student will reply "Yes, Sensei/Sir/Mam" when called upon to perform a task or answer any questions.
All uniforms will be properly worn with coordinating trim (if applicable) and patches.
Never will the Gi be soiled or in need of repair.
White T-shirts will be worn under the gi top by females only.
All dues/training fees, or equipment payments will be met in a timely fashion and is the responsibility of the student.
26 BASIC MOVEMENTS
CROSS ARM LOWER DEFENSE
CROSS ARM UPPER DEFENSE
FIST TO ELBOW
BASIC MOVEMENT CHOP
FINGERTIP JAB TO SOLAR PLEXUS
ELBOW ATTACK TO FACE
CAT STANCE LOWER DEFENSE
CAT STANCE OUTSIDE BLOCK
CAT STANCE COUNTER
LONG CAT CHOP
LONG CAT DOUBLE CHOP
FRONT STRETCH KICK
FRONT SNAP KICK
ROUND HOUSE KICK
SIDE STRETCH KICK
SIDE SNAP KICK
THREE BASIC CATEGORIES OF TECHNIQUES
Cross-arm Lower Defense
Cross-arm Upper Defense
Cat stance Lower Defense
Cat stance Outside Block
Long Cat Stance Chop
Fist to Elbow Defense
Basic Movement Chop
Fingertip Jab to Solar Plexus
Elbow Attack to Face
Cat Stance Counter
Long Cat Stance Double Chop
Front Stretch Kick
Front Snap Kick
Side Stretch Kick
Side Snap Kick
BASIC FORMS AND KATAS
Kipong Hyong Elboo
Kipong Hyong Yeboo(Eboo)
Kipong Hyong Samboo
Hyrungdae Elboo - Tiger I
Hyrungdae Yeboo - Tiger II
Hyrungdae Samboo-- Tiger III
Optional Weapons Form
Optional Weapons Form
SHODAN-BO Hyrungdae Sadan - Tiger IV
BLACK BELT 2ND DAN
All Katas previous to each rank must performed and known. The precision, speed, and timing is of more importance as you progress in rank.
BASIC STRIKING POINTS
STRIKING PARTS OF THE HAND
1. Closed fist Punch
2. Back Hand Fist
3. Half Fist
4. Claw Fist
5. Ridge Hand
6. Shuto - Chop
7. Back Fingers Strike
8. Thumb Strike
9. Wrist strike
10. Palm Heel Strike
II. One Knuckle Punch
12. Two Finger Strike
13. Hammer Fist Blow
14. Knife Hand
15. Back Hand Strike
PARTS OF THE FOOT
2. Knife Edge
5. Bottom of Foot
BASIC HAND COMBINATIONS
2. Straight Punch
3. Lower· Defense, Punch to face
4. Lower defense, Punch to groin
5. Outside Block
6. outside Block, Punch to face
7. outside Block, Punch to groin
8. Inside Block
9. Inside Block, Punch to face
10. Inside Block, Punch to groin
11. Fist to Elbow, Reverse punch
12. Side Punch, Back fist
13. Cross-Arm Lower Defense, Backfist to groin
14. Cross-Arm Lower Defense, Backfist to face
15. Cross-Arm Upper Defense, Backfist to groin
16. Cross-Arm Upper Defense, Backfist to face
17. Spinning Chop
18. Spinning Chop, Back Fist
19. Double Outside Block, Punch to body
20. Double Inside Block, Punch to body
10th Kup White Belt through 7th Kup -White Belt
Beginners and Basic knowledge person
6th KUp Yellow Belt .
Student has learned the Basics of the Martial Arts
5th Kup and 4th Kup Green Belt & 4th Kup Purple Belt
Student has much knowledge. stage of training which one develops his or her techniques along with the mind. Very critical stage.
3rd Kup Red Belt through 1st Kup Red Belt and Shodan-Bo
Advance student. Very knowledgeable person.
1st Dan Black Belt through 9th Dan Black Belt
Most advanced student. Stage of just beginning to learn and understand the Martial Arts.
1st Dan Black Belt - Chodan
2nd Dan Black Belt - Nidan
3rd Dan Black Belt - Sandan
4th Dan Black Belt - Sadan
5th Dan Black Belt - Odan
1. Visual - to see the point you want to strike
Mental - to want to strike and go through the Visual point
Physical - to have the strength and power to execute the technique
2. Over-All - to see the entire technique being applied
3. After Image - to see the effect of the technique, to realize the aftermath
A blood curdling scream coming from the diaphragm to produce adrenalin and temporary (controlled) insanity. Kiai, is both positive and negative; example-Positive Kiai is when you are excited and positive adrenalin is produced to enhance whatever you are doing. This Kiai is always controlled. Negative Kiai-releases negative adrenalin as a result of fear or panic. The negative Kiai is not controlled but rather reactionary and physically depletes the body.
Power flowing from within. Power flows in the direction in which the mind dictates. Chi relies on adrenalin, and in order to release Chi you must be of proper mind. Situations determine the quality of Chi you produce.
Internal - Example: Money - $1.00 versus $1,000,000.00. What amount are you able to do more with? ($1,000,000.00). Example No.2: Two people know Karate, the first person knows 5 techniques and the second person know 100 techniques. Of the two who is more powerful? Realistically the second person knowing 100 techniques should have more power than that of the first.
External - This is physical strength. To be able to physically perform the task at hand. This is achieved by training the body in Karate and various other types of physical disciplines.
TAE KWONDO - The way of the fist and Foot.
MOO DUK KWAN - The Military way.
A dance where all basic. movements are "applied to give you coordination, timing, rhythm, and good breathing techniques. Most of all it is a spiritual dance, passed on from generation to generation. It is also a pre-arranged sequence of movements where the practitioner battles an opponent or opponents. The interpretation is known to the Japanese as "Bunkai".
Applying all basic movements to street fighting situations, and utilizing angles, proper focus and takedowns.
Successful blocking of three (3) attacks by an opponent. Counter is applied after the third block, utilizing the methods of one-step fighting.
Applying your mind and body in a fighting situation where you are fighting one or more persons. Free fighting should bring out your imagination to the fullest. Applying all the basic movements you have learned, using angles, and various hand and foot techniques. The most important aspect in Free Fighting is proper focus and applying the knowledge you have gained through your training without a second thought.
As a rule of thumb-anywhere on the body there is a joint there is also a pressure point. Exerting specific amounts of pressure to these areas on the body can cause a "short in the circuit" thus resulting in pain, numbness, unconsciousness and even death.
Closes the windpipe disallowing air to the lungs.
Cutting off the oxygen to the lungs, and oxygen and blood to the brain via the arteries.
Keeping an opponent off you with minimum force using a kick or punch causing external damage.
THRUSTING - To hurt the person causing internal damage.
FIVE BASIC.STANCES WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION
1. Junbe 50-50
2. Forward 60-40
3. Horse 50-50
4. Short Cat 10-90
5. Long Cat 40-60
Distribution of weight varies from person to person because of their physical stature.
TYPES OF TAKEDOWNS & LOCATION ON BODY
1. High Top of head to base of throat
2. Middle Base of throat to hairline
3. Low Hairline to base of foot
4. Circular Spinning in the direction you determine
Advance takedowns by way of someone kicking, will be taught by the instructor.
1. Tae Kwon Do Moo Duk Kwan - Korean
2. Shotokan - Japanese
3. Okinawa Te - Okinawan
4. Jujitsu - Japanese
5. Judo - Japanese
6. Tang Soo Do - Korean
7. Kung Fu - Chinese
8. Aikido - Japanese
9. Goju Ryu - Japanese, Chinese, Okinawan
10. Enlightment and Perfection *
Today there are approximately 2,500 different styles of Martial Arts in the free world. In China, there may be many more which we are unaware of or yet to be discovered.