Student's Guide

This is the Student Guide for the American Moo Duk Kwan system.  It contains the major components of the system, from rules, procedures and regulations, to the basic movements, forms and test requirements.  While this guide's purpose is to provide structure and uniformity, it is understood that teachings and practices are constantly evolving and maturing.  As such, the Guide should be used as appropriate, at the discretion of the instructors, at their respective affiliated schools.

 

THE STUDENT


THE POOR STUDENT
Is lazy and simply expects results without sweat.

THE GOOD STUDENT
Has the desire to learn and achieve goals.


THE EXCELLENT STUDENT
Not only learns technique but gains knowledge of expressive ability.

Accepts hard work and sweat, realizing results come from practice and co-practice. Learns positivity from defeat.


THE BEST STUDENT
Never gives up trying to learn what he or she needs to learn until it becomes second nature,

both in technique and attitude.

100% of effort, 100% of the time, is the only way this students knows how to train.

 

PHILOSOPHY

To laugh is to risk appearing the fool.
To weep is to risk appearing sentimental.
To reach out to another is to risk involvement.
To expose feelings is to risk exposing true self.
To place your ideas, your dreams before the crowd is to risk loss
To love is to risk not being loved in return.
To live is to risk dying.
To hope is to risk despair.
To try is to risk failure.
But to risk, we must,
because the greatest hazard in life is to risk nothing.
The man, the woman, who risk nothing,
Has nothing,
Does Nothing,
Is nothing.


Anonymous
 

 

RULES, REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES

 

  1. Report in 10 minutes prior to the start of each class.

  2. No shoes will be worn on the mats or dojo floor.

  3. Begin stretching on your own.

  4. Rings, watches and other jewelry will not be worn during the workout.

  5. No food, drink or gum permitted on the dojo floor.

  6. Use proper containers for waste disposal (trash cans).

  7. The Instructor or senior student will begin exercises at the start of each training session.

  8. All caution will be observed when working out with fellow students.

  9. Abusive language and gestures will not be tolerated at anytime!

  10. Proper courtesies and respect will be shown between students and towards instructors. This is BUSHIDO!

  11. All visitors and Black Belts will be greeted with the proper courtesy.

  12. There will be no horse play before, during, or after class.

  13. Free fighting without the instructors permission is prohibited.

  14. Students are requested to check with the instructor periodically to up date their training records, attendance and dues.

  15. Each student will reply "Yes, Sensei/Sir/Mam" when called upon to perform a task or answer any questions.

  16. All uniforms will be properly worn with coordinating trim (if applicable) and patches.

  17. Never will the Gi be soiled or in need of repair.

  18. White T-shirts will be worn under the gi top by females only.

  19. All dues/training fees, or equipment payments will be met in a timely fashion and is the responsibility of the student.

 

26 BASIC MOVEMENTS

  1. JUNBE

  2. SQUAT PUNCH

  3. LOWER DEFENSE

  4. STRAIGHT PUNCH

  5. UPPER PUNCH

  6. UPPER BLOCK 

  7. INSIDE BLOCK

  8. OUTSIDE BLOCK

  9. SIDE PUNCH

  10. CROSS ARM LOWER DEFENSE

  11. CROSS ARM UPPER DEFENSE

  12. FIST TO ELBOW

  13. BASIC MOVEMENT CHOP

  14. FINGERTIP JAB TO SOLAR PLEXUS

  15. ELBOW ATTACK TO FACE

  16. CAT STANCE LOWER DEFENSE

  17. CAT STANCE OUTSIDE BLOCK

  18. CAT STANCE COUNTER

  19. LONG CAT CHOP

  20. LONG CAT DOUBLE CHOP

  21. FRONT STRETCH KICK

  22. FRONT SNAP KICK

  23. ROUND HOUSE KICK

  24. SIDE STRETCH KICK

  25. SIDE SNAP KICK

  26. FOOTLOCKER KICK

 

THREE BASIC CATEGORIES OF TECHNIQUES

  BLOCKS

  1. Junbe

  2. Lower Defense

  3. Upper Block

  4. Outside Block

  5. Inside Block

  6. Cross-arm Lower Defense

  7. Cross-arm Upper Defense

  8. Cat stance Lower Defense

  9. Cat stance Outside Block

  10. Long Cat Stance Chop

  11. Fist to Elbow Defense

  PUNCHES

  1. Squad Punch

  2. Straight Punch

  3. Upper Punch

  4. Side Punch

  5. Basic Movement Chop

  6. Fingertip Jab to Solar Plexus

  7. Elbow Attack to Face

  8. Cat Stance Counter

  9. Long Cat Stance Double Chop

  KICKS

  1. Front Stretch Kick

  2. Front Snap Kick

  3. Round House

  4. Side Stretch Kick

  5. Side Snap Kick

  6. Footlocker Kick

 

BASIC FORMS AND KATAS

YELLOW BELT

Kipong Hyong Elboo

Kipong Hyong Yeboo(Eboo)

Kipong Hyong Samboo

Pyong Chodan

 

GREENBELT

Pyong Nidan

Pyong Sandan

Hyrungdae Elboo - Tiger I

Hyrungdae Yeboo - Tiger II

 

PURPLE BELT

Pyong Sadan

Hyrungdae Samboo-- Tiger III

Optional Weapons Form

 

RED BELT

Pyong Odan

Optional Weapons Form

 

SHODAN-BO Hyrungdae Sadan - Tiger IV

 

BLACK BELT

Batsia

Nahanchi Chodan

 

BLACK BELT 2ND DAN

Nahanchi Nidan

Nahanchi Sandan

Empi

 

All Katas previous to each rank must performed and known. The precision, speed, and timing is of more importance as you progress in rank.

 

BASIC STRIKING POINTS

STRIKING PARTS OF THE HAND

1. Closed fist Punch

2. Back Hand Fist

3. Half Fist

4. Claw Fist

5. Ridge Hand

6. Shuto - Chop

7. Back Fingers Strike

8. Thumb Strike

9. Wrist strike

10. Palm Heel Strike

II. One Knuckle Punch

12. Two Finger Strike

13. Hammer Fist Blow

14. Knife Hand

15. Back Hand Strike 

 

PARTS OF THE FOOT

I. Ball

2. Knife Edge

3. Heel

4. Instep

5. Bottom of Foot

 

BASIC HAND COMBINATIONS

1. Lower.Defense

2. Straight Punch

3. Lower· Defense, Punch to face

4. Lower defense, Punch to groin

5. Outside Block

6. outside Block, Punch to face

7. outside Block, Punch to groin

8. Inside Block

9. Inside Block, Punch to face

10. Inside Block, Punch to groin

11. Fist to Elbow, Reverse punch

12. Side Punch, Back fist

13. Cross-Arm Lower Defense, Backfist to groin

14. Cross-Arm Lower Defense, Backfist to face

15. Cross-Arm Upper Defense, Backfist to groin

16. Cross-Arm Upper Defense, Backfist to face

17. Spinning Chop

18. Spinning Chop, Back Fist

19. Double Outside Block, Punch to body

20. Double Inside Block, Punch to body

 

RANK STRUCTURE

10th Kup White Belt through 7th Kup -White Belt

Beginners and Basic knowledge person

 

6th KUp Yellow Belt .

Student has learned the Basics of the Martial Arts

 

5th Kup and 4th Kup Green Belt & 4th Kup Purple Belt

Student has much knowledge. stage of training which one develops his or her techniques along with the mind. Very critical stage.

 

3rd Kup Red Belt through 1st Kup Red Belt and Shodan-Bo

Advance student. Very knowledgeable person.

 

1st Dan Black Belt through 9th Dan Black Belt

Most advanced student. Stage of just beginning to learn and understand the Martial Arts.

 

1st Dan Black Belt - Chodan

2nd Dan Black Belt - Nidan

3rd Dan Black Belt - Sandan

4th Dan Black Belt - Sadan

5th Dan Black Belt - Odan

 

TERMINOLOGY

FOCUS

1. Visual - to see the point you want to strike

Mental - to want to strike and go through the Visual point

Physical - to have the strength and power to execute the technique

2. Over-All - to see the entire technique being applied

3. After Image - to see the effect of the technique, to realize the aftermath

 

KIAI

A blood curdling scream coming from the diaphragm to produce adrenalin and temporary (controlled) insanity. Kiai, is both positive and negative; example-Positive Kiai is when you are excited and positive adrenalin is produced to enhance whatever you are doing. This Kiai is always controlled. Negative Kiai-releases negative adrenalin as a result of fear or panic. The negative Kiai is not controlled but rather reactionary and physically depletes the body.

 

CHI

Power flowing from within. Power flows in the direction in which the mind dictates. Chi relies on adrenalin, and in order to release Chi you must be of proper mind. Situations determine the quality of Chi you produce.

 

POWER

Internal - Example: Money - $1.00 versus $1,000,000.00. What amount are you able to do more with? ($1,000,000.00). Example No.2: Two people know Karate, the first person knows 5 techniques and the second person know 100 techniques. Of the two who is more powerful? Realistically the second person knowing 100 techniques should have more power than that of the first.

 

STRENGTH

External - This is physical strength. To be able to physically perform the task at hand. This is achieved by training the body in Karate and various other types of physical disciplines.

 

TAE KWONDO  - The way of the fist and Foot.

 

MOO DUK KWAN  - The Military way.

 

KATA

A dance where all basic. movements are "applied to give you coordination, timing, rhythm, and good breathing techniques. Most of all it is a spiritual dance, passed on from generation to generation. It is also a pre-arranged sequence of movements where the practitioner battles an opponent or opponents. The interpretation is known to the Japanese as "Bunkai". 

 

QNE-STEP FIGHTING

Applying all basic movements to street fighting situations, and utilizing angles, proper focus and takedowns.

 

THREE-STEP FIGHTING

Successful blocking of three (3) attacks by an opponent. Counter is applied after the third block, utilizing the methods of one-step fighting.

 

FREE FIGIITING

Applying your mind and body in a fighting situation where you are fighting one or more persons. Free fighting should bring out your imagination to the fullest. Applying all the basic movements you have learned, using angles, and various hand and foot techniques. The most important aspect in Free Fighting is proper focus and applying the knowledge you have gained through your training without a second thought.

 

PRESSURE POINTS

As a rule of thumb-anywhere on the body there is a joint there is also a pressure point. Exerting specific amounts of pressure to these areas on the body can cause a "short in the circuit" thus resulting in pain, numbness, unconsciousness and even death.

 

CHOKE

Closes the windpipe disallowing air to the lungs.

 

STRANGUL ATION

Cutting off the oxygen to the lungs, and oxygen and blood to the brain via the arteries.

SNAPPING

Keeping an opponent off you with minimum force using a kick or punch causing external damage.

 

THRUSTING - To hurt the person causing internal damage.

 

FIVE BASIC.STANCES WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION

 

1. Junbe            50-50

2. Forward       60-40

3. Horse           50-50

4. Short Cat     10-90

5. Long Cat      40-60

 

Distribution of weight varies from person to person because of their physical stature.

 

TYPES OF TAKEDOWNS & LOCATION ON BODY

 

1. High                Top of head to base of throat

2. Middle            Base of throat to hairline

3. Low                Hairline to base of foot

4. Circular          Spinning in the direction you determine

 

Advance takedowns by way of someone kicking, will be taught by the instructor.

 

DIFFERENT STYLES

 

1. Tae Kwon Do Moo Duk Kwan - Korean

2. Shotokan - Japanese

3. Okinawa Te - Okinawan

4. Jujitsu - Japanese

5. Judo - Japanese

6. Tang Soo Do - Korean

7. Kung Fu - Chinese

8. Aikido - Japanese

9. Goju Ryu - Japanese, Chinese, Okinawan

10. Enlightment and Perfection *

 

Today there are approximately 2,500 different styles of Martial Arts in the free world. In China, there may be many more which we are unaware of or yet to be discovered.

 

BASIC TEST REQUIREMENTS

YELLOW BELT

Kipong Hyong Elboo

Kipong Hyong Yeboo(Eboo)

Kipong Hyong Samboo

Pyong Chodan